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Tuesday 01 February 2005

Efficacy and safety of tositumomab and iodine-131 tositumomab (Bexxar) in B-cell lymphoma, progressive after rituximab.

By: Horning SJ, Younes A, Jain V, Kroll S, Lucas J, Podoloff D, Goris M.

J Clin Oncol 2005 Feb 1;23(4):712-9

PURPOSE: To determine overall response (OR) and complete response (CR) rates, response duration, progression-free (PFS) and overall survival and safety with the tositumomab and iodine-131 tositumomab ((131)I tositumomab) therapeutic regimen in patients with indolent, follicular large-cell, or transformed B-cell lymphoma, progressive after rituximab. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 1998 to November 1999, 40 patients (24 rituximab nonresponders: 11 with response < 6 months, and five with response > or = 6 months) received a therapeutic dose (0.65 to 0.75 Gy per platelet count) of (131)I tositumomab based on total-body dosimetry in this prospective phase II study. The median number of prior treatments was four; 59% of patients were chemotherapy-resistant. RESULTS: Confirmed OR (65%) and CR (38%) rates were not significantly associated with prior rituximab response. With a median follow-up of 3.3 years, the median PFS was 10.4 months, 24.5 months for responders, and not reached for CR patients. Among follicular grade 1 or 2 patients with tumors < or = 7 cm (n = 21), the OR and CR rates were 86% and 57%. Estimated 3-year PFS in this subgroup was 48%, compared with 11% for all others (P = .002). Transient grade 3 to 4 marrow toxicity was seen in 50% of patients. Two patients, one of whom received two subsequent chemotherapy regimens, developed secondary myelodysplasia. CONCLUSION: (131)I tositumomab is effective in CD20-positive lymphoma progressive after rituximab, with a 65% OR rate and median PFS of 24.5 months for responders. Patients with follicular grade 1 or 2 histology and tumors < or = 7 cm achieved very high OR and CR rates, with 48% PFS at 3 years.

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