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Sunday 01 January 2006

Antitumor efficacy of a combination of CMC-544 (inotuzumab ozogamicin), a CD22-targeted cytotoxic immunoconjugate of calicheamicin, and rituximab against non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma.

By: DiJoseph JF, Dougher MM, Kalyandrug LB, Armellino DC, Boghaert ER, Hamann PR, Moran JK, Damle NK.

Clin Cancer Res 2006 Jan 1;12(1):242-9

PURPOSE: CMC-544 is a CD22-targeted cytotoxic immunoconjugate, currently being evaluated in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) patients. Rituximab is a CD20-targeted antibody commonly used in B-NHL therapy. Here, we describe antitumor efficacy of a combination of CMC-544 and rituximab against B-cell lymphoma (BCL) in preclinical models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: BCLs were cultured in vitro with CMC-544, rituximab, or their combination. BCLs were injected either s.c. or i.v. to establish localized s.c. BCL in nude mice or disseminated BCL in severe combined immunodeficient mice, respectively. I.p. treatment with CMC-544 or rituximab was initiated at various times either alone or in combination and its effect on s.c. BCL growth or survival of mice with disseminated BCL was monitored. RESULTS: In vitro growth-inhibitory activity of CMC-544 combined with rituximab was additive. Rituximab but not CMC-544 exhibited effector functions, such as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. Rituximab was less effective in inhibiting growth of established BCL xenografts than developing xenografts. In contrast, CMC-544 was equally effective against both developing and established BCL xenografts. Although CMC-544 and rituximab individually caused partial inhibition of the growth of BCL xenografts at suboptimal doses examined, their combination suppressed xenograft growth by >90%. In a disseminated BCL model, 60% of CMC-544-treated mice and 20% of rituximab-treated mice survived for 125 days. In contrast, 90% of mice treated with the combination of CMC-544 and rituximab survived for longer than 125 days. CONCLUSION: The demonstration of superior antitumor activity of a combination of CMC-544 and rituximab described here provides the preclinical basis for its clinical evaluation as a treatment option for B-NHL.

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