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Saturday 01 April 2006

Randomized phase II study of concurrent and sequential rituximab and CHOP chemotherapy in untreated indolent B-cell lymphoma.

By: Ogura M, Morishima Y, Kagami Y, Watanabe T, Itoh K, Igarashi T, Hotta T, Kinoshita T, Ohashi Y, Mori S, Terauchi T, Tobinai K.

Cancer Sci 2006 Apr;97(4):305-12

CHOP combined with rituximab (R-CHOP) is regarded as one of the most effective treatments for indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL), however, its optimal combination schedule remains unknown. We performed a randomized phase II study to explore a more promising schedule in untreated, advanced indolent B-NHL. Patients were randomized to receive either six courses of CHOP concurrently with rituximab (Arm C), or six courses of CHOP followed by six courses of weekly rituximab (Arm S). A total of 69 patients received the concurrent (n=34) or sequential (n=35) regimen. Overall response rate (ORR) in Arm C was 94% (95% confidence interval [CI], 79 to 99), including a 66% complete response (CR) compared with 97% (95% CI, 85-100), including a 68% CR in Arm S. Patients in Arm C experienced more grade 4 neutropenia (85%versus 70%) and experienced more grade 3 or greater non-hematological toxicities (21%versus 12%). Both arms were tolerated well. With a median follow-up of 28.2 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 34.2 months in Arm C, and was not reached in Arm S. R-CHOP is highly effective in untreated indolent B-NHL, either concurrent or in a sequential combination. Both combination schedules deserve further investigation. (Cancer Sci 2006; 97: 305 - 312).

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